able guidance, standards, frameworks,
and protocols that enable the industry
to work to level 2 BIM.
Those who embrace BIM aim to
reduce overall costs by enlisting
cooperation, and in theory this is a
fine idea. After all, vaulted ceilings
may satisfy the user's eye but the construction engineer may say that the
windows would put the project over
budget and the building's purpose
may anyway dictate a greater number
of internal walls than a vaulted ceiling would allow. All in all, up front
cross-disciplinary collaboration makes
basic good sense.
'The author is grateful to David King
for generosity with time, ideas, conversation and review.
• Recognize the level of detail that BIM
models can contain and how this
relates to the stages of design, construction, and maintenance.
• Know how BIM requirements can be
implemented within the project legal,
procurement, and tendering framework and review global examples of
this in practice.
BIM IN THE TECHNOLOGY AND
Globally, BIM is emerging as the tool of
choice for major infrastructure projects
and there is a move to standardize. For
example, from April 4, 2016, all UK
centrally procured public sector projects
must proceed according to Level 2 BIM
practice (see Sidebar for an explanation
of the UK's BIM Levels) and the UK
government sponsors and makes avail-
To view the additional reading for
this article, go to www.alnmag.
Helen Kelly is a freelance science writer
who divides her time between London
and Los Angeles. She is always happy
to hear from readers. HelenKellyLtd@
The Periodic Table of BIM. Operations designers are excited about the challenge of standardizing the management of BIM. Credit: Stefan